What Is Post Cotonou Agreement

The Post-Cotonou Agreement is a new pact between the European Union and the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries. The original Cotonou Agreement was signed in 2000, and it is set to expire in 2020. This new agreement is an effort to modernize and strengthen the partnership between the EU and the ACP bloc.

The Post-Cotonou Agreement was officially signed in April 2021, following several years of negotiations. The agreement aims to address new challenges that have arisen since the original Cotonou Agreement, including climate change, migration, and security issues. It also recognizes the need to promote sustainable development, human rights, and democracy.

One of the key changes in the Post-Cotonou Agreement is the new focus on regional integration. The EU and the ACP countries will work together to promote economic integration and regional cooperation, which will help to increase trade and investment in the ACP countries. This will be done through measures such as the establishment of regional value chains and the promotion of intra-regional trade.

Another important aspect of the Post-Cotonou Agreement is the emphasis on human development. The agreement recognizes that sustainable development cannot be achieved without addressing issues such as poverty, inequality, and gender discrimination. The EU and ACP countries will work together to promote social and human development, including education, health, and gender equality.

The Post-Cotonou Agreement also includes provisions on migration and mobility. The agreement recognizes the need to manage migration flows in a safe, orderly, and humane manner, while also addressing the root causes of migration. The agreement also recognizes the positive contribution of migration to development, and calls for increased cooperation on issues such as remittances and diaspora engagement.

Overall, the Post-Cotonou Agreement represents a new era in the partnership between the EU and the ACP countries. By focusing on regional integration, human development, and migration, the agreement aims to promote sustainable development and address the challenges facing the ACP countries in the 21st century.